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Accidents on Long Island Trains – Your Rights and Legal Options

Get Legal Help if You’ve Been Injured on Long Island Trains (LIRR)

Long Island’s extensive train network, primarily operated by the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR), is crucial for commuting and travel. While generally safe, train accidents do occur, leading to serious injuries or fatalities. Understanding these risks and the legal protections available can significantly impact your recovery and ability to secure compensation.

Common Types of Train Accidents


Derailments happen when a train comes off its tracks, often due to track defects, excessive speed, mechanical failures, or obstacles on the tracks. These accidents can cause severe injuries like broken bones, head trauma, and spinal injuries, as well as significant property damage.

Legal claims for derailments involve complex investigations to identify responsible parties such as train operators, maintenance contractors, or equipment manufacturers. An experienced attorney can help navigate these complexities and advocate for your rights.


Collisions can occur between two trains or between a train and another vehicle or object. Typically caused by human error such as signal miscommunication or operator negligence, collisions can result in severe injuries or fatalities for passengers, crew, and bystanders.

Determining liability often involves multiple parties, including train operators, rail companies, and regulatory agencies. An attorney experienced in train accident cases can ensure all responsible parties are held accountable and help you receive the compensation you deserve.

Platform Accidents

Accidents on train platforms can involve slips, trips, and falls, or incidents where passengers are struck by trains while boarding or exiting. Causes include wet or uneven surfaces, overcrowding, inadequate lighting, or insufficient safety measures.

Injuries from platform accidents can range from minor cuts and bruises to serious conditions like fractures, head injuries, and spinal damage. Legal claims may be made against train operators, station management, or other entities responsible for maintaining safe conditions.

Causes of Train Accidents

Human Error

Human error is a significant factor in many train accidents. This includes mistakes by train operators, dispatchers, or other personnel. Common errors include miscommunication of signals, failure to follow safety protocols, and inattentiveness or fatigue.

Victims of accidents caused by human error can pursue compensation through legal claims against responsible parties. An attorney can help identify specific errors and build a strong case for compensation.

Mechanical Failures

Mechanical failures can involve defects in a train’s braking system, engine, or other critical components. These failures can result from poor manufacturing, lack of maintenance, or wear and tear.

Determining liability in mechanical failure cases can be complex, often involving manufacturers, maintenance contractors, and train operators. An attorney can investigate the mechanical aspects of the accident, identify the failure, and determine who is liable.

Weather Conditions

Adverse weather conditions like heavy rain, snow, ice, and fog can affect tracks, visibility, and train operation. While weather conditions are beyond human control, train operators are expected to take appropriate precautions to mitigate risks.

If negligence in preparing for adverse weather conditions is proven, the train operator or company may be held liable. Legal representation can help establish this negligence and seek compensation.

Poor Maintenance

Neglecting regular maintenance of trains and tracks increases the risk of mechanical failures, derailments, and other accidents. Maintenance responsibilities typically fall on train operating companies or contracted maintenance firms.

Victims of accidents caused by poor maintenance can file claims against responsible entities. An attorney can help gather evidence of inadequate maintenance and argue for fair compensation.

Injuries and Damages Resulting from Train Accidents

Common Injuries

Train accidents can cause various injuries, from minor to severe, including broken bones, lacerations, head and spinal injuries, and internal injuries. Victims may require extensive medical treatment and rehabilitation, and some may suffer long-term or permanent disabilities.

Seeking compensation for these injuries can cover medical bills, rehabilitation costs, and other related expenses. An attorney can help document the extent of your injuries and their impact on your life.

Psychological Impact

The psychological impact of a train accident can be profound. Victims may experience PTSD, anxiety, depression, and other emotional and mental health issues. Compensation for psychological injuries can cover therapy costs, medication, and other related expenses.

Property Damage

Train accidents often result in significant property damage, affecting the train, tracks, and personal property. Victims can seek compensation for property damage to cover the cost of repairs, replacement, and associated expenses.

Determining Liability in Train Accidents

Train Operators and Companies

Train operators and companies are often the primary parties responsible for ensuring safe train operations. Establishing liability involves demonstrating that they failed to meet their duty of care, leading to the accident.

Maintenance Contractors

Maintenance contractors responsible for train and track upkeep can also be held liable for accidents resulting from their negligence. Proving liability involves examining maintenance records, repair logs, and communication between the train company and contractors.

Government Entities

Government entities responsible for regulating and overseeing train operations may share liability in certain cases. Claims against government entities can be complex but possible if their negligence contributed to the accident.

Legal Rights of Train Accident Victims

Right to Compensation

Victims of train accidents have the right to seek compensation for injuries and damages, covering medical bills, lost wages, rehabilitation costs, and pain and suffering. Compensation can also include reimbursement for property damage and other related expenses.

Filing a Claim

Filing a claim involves gathering and documenting relevant evidence, submitting a formal claim to responsible parties, and negotiating with insurance companies. If a settlement cannot be reached, filing a lawsuit and taking the case to court may be necessary.

Statute of Limitations in New York

In New York, the statute of limitations for personal injury claims is generally three years from the date of the accident. However, specific rules and shorter deadlines may apply if government entities are involved. For example, in cases involving the LIRR and MTA, a notice of claim must be filed within ninety days and the statute of limitations is shortened to one year and ninety days. Acting promptly and consulting with an attorney is crucial.

Steps to Take After a Train Accident

Ensuring Safety and Seeking Medical Attention

After a train accident, ensure your safety and the safety of others. Call 911 to report the accident and seek medical attention, even if you do not feel seriously injured. Medical records documenting your injuries are essential for your legal case.

Collecting Evidence

Collecting evidence at the scene, such as photographs, videos, and witness contact information, is crucial for building a strong legal case. Keep detailed records of everything related to the accident, including medical bills and repair costs.

Contacting an Attorney

Contact an experienced attorney who specializes in train accident cases to provide guidance on your legal rights and the best course of action. An attorney can help ensure that all necessary legal steps are taken correctly and that your claim is filed within required timeframes.

How Law Office of Frank J. Cassisi, P.C. Can Help

Our Legal Approach

Our approach involves a thorough investigation of the accident, gathering all available evidence, and working closely with medical professionals to document your injuries. We keep you informed and involved throughout the process, aiming to maximize your chances of receiving full compensation.

Success Stories and Client Testimonials

We have successfully represented many clients in train accident cases, securing significant settlements and verdicts. Our clients consistently praise our dedication and personal attention. Read more about our success stories and client testimonials on our website.

Call to a Free Consultation

Timely legal action is crucial after a train accident. Contact the Law Office of Frank J. Cassisi, P.C. at (516) 294 5050 for a free consultation to review the details of your case, answer any questions, and provide a clear understanding of your legal options. We are ready to assist you promptly and effectively, guiding you through the legal process and advocating for your best interests.

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